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Pharma Studies - Rational Use of Drugs
Rational Use of Drugs

Rational use of medicines is essential in today's situation, especially in a country like India, where there is a wide disparity in the availability of medicines amongst cities and villages.

The concept of the rational use of medicines has not yet penetrated the minds of health care providers and the public, and as a result there is rampant irrationality in both the medicines available, as well as the medicines prescribed.

Definition:


"Patients receive medications appropriate to their clinical needs, in doses that meet their own individual requirements, for an adequate period of time, and at the lowest cost to them and their community." (WHO, 1985).

 

These requirements will be fulfilled if the process of prescribing is appropriately followed.

 

This includes:

* Steps in defining patients problems (or diagnosis).

* In defining effective and safe treatments (drugs and non drugs)

* In selecting appropriate drugs, dosage and duration.

* In writing a prescription.

* In giving patients adequate information.

* In planning to evaluate treatment responses.


The rational prescribing should meet the following criteria:

 

Appropriate indications

The decision to prescribe drug(s) is entirely based on medical rationale and that drug therapy is an effective and safe treatment.

Appropriate Drug

The selection of drugs is based on efficacy, safety, suitability and cost considerations.

Appropriate Patient

No contraindications exist and the likelihood of adverse reaction is minimal, and the drug is acceptable to the patient.

Appropriate Information

Patients should be provided with relevant, accurate, important and clear information regarding his or her conditions and the medication(s) that are prescribed.

Appropriate Monitoring

 

The anticipated and unexpected effects of medications should be appropriately monitored.

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